Create a basic chatbot in Python


13 min read

Source of the code: Matthew Inkawhich <>

In this tutorial, we will explore an engaging application of recurrent sequence-to-sequence models. Our goal is to create a basic chatbot using movie scripts from the Cornell Movie-Dialogs Corpus.

Conversational models are currently a popular area of research in artificial intelligence. Chatbots are being utilized in various scenarios, such as customer service platforms and online helpdesks. These bots typically rely on retrieval-based models, which provide predefined responses to specific types of questions. While these models may suffice in narrow domains like a company's IT helpdesk, they are not robust enough for broader applications. The challenge of teaching a machine to engage in meaningful conversations across different domains remains unsolved. The recent surge in deep learning has led to the development of powerful generative models such as Google's Neural Conversational Model, which represents a significant advancement in multi-domain generative conversational models. In this tutorial, we will demonstrate how to implement a similar model in PyTorch.

Download the data

import os

# Get the current working directory

%matplotlib inline

# import modules and libraries
from __future__ import absolute_import
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function
from __future__ import unicode_literals

import torch
from torch.jit import script, trace
import torch.nn as nn
from torch import optim
import torch.nn.functional as F
import csv
import random
import re
import os
import unicodedata
import codecs
from io import open
import itertools
import math

# Define the name of the corpus
corpus_name = "movie-corpus"

# Specify the path to the corpus directory
corpus = os.path.join("data", corpus_name)

def printLines(file, n=10):
    # Open the file in binary mode to read
    with open(file, 'rb') as datafile:
        # Read all lines from the file
        lines = datafile.readlines()

    # Print the first n lines
    for line in lines[:n]:
# Call the function
printLines(os.path.join(corpus, "movie_lines.txt"))

# Splits each line of the file into a dictionary of fields
def loadLines(fileName, fields):
    lines = {}
    with open(fileName, 'r', encoding='iso-8859-1') as f:
        for line in f:
            values = line.split(" +++$+++ ")
            # Extract fields
            lineObj = {}
            for i, field in enumerate(fields):
                lineObj[field] = values[i]
            lines[lineObj['lineID']] = lineObj
    return lines

# Groups fields of lines from `loadLines` into conversations based on *movie_conversations.txt*
def loadConversations(fileName, lines, fields):
    conversations = []
    with open(fileName, 'r', encoding='iso-8859-1') as f:
        for line in f:
            values = line.split(" +++$+++ ")
            # Extract fields
            convObj = {}
            for i, field in enumerate(fields):
                convObj[field] = values[i]
            # Convert string to list (convObj["utteranceIDs"] == "['L598485', 'L598486', ...]")
            lineIds = eval(convObj["utteranceIDs"])
            # Reassemble lines
            convObj["lines"] = []
            for lineId in lineIds:
    return conversations

# Extracts pairs of sentences from conversations
def extractSentencePairs(conversations):
    qa_pairs = []
    for conversation in conversations:
        # Iterate over all the lines of the conversation
        for i in range(len(conversation["lines"]) - 1):  # We ignore the last line (no answer for it)
            inputLine = conversation["lines"][i]["text"].strip()
            targetLine = conversation["lines"][i+1]["text"].strip()
            # Filter wrong samples (if one of the lists is empty)
            if inputLine and targetLine:
                qa_pairs.append([inputLine, targetLine])
    return qa_pairs

# Define path to new file
datafile = os.path.join(corpus, "formatted_movie_lines.txt")

delimiter = '\t'
# Unescape the delimiter
delimiter = str(codecs.decode(delimiter, "unicode_escape"))

# Initialize lines dict, conversations list, and field ids
lines = {}
conversations = []
MOVIE_LINES_FIELDS = ["lineID", "characterID", "movieID", "character", "text"]
MOVIE_CONVERSATIONS_FIELDS = ["character1ID", "character2ID", "movieID", "utteranceIDs"]

# Load lines and process conversations
print("\nProcessing corpus...")
lines = loadLines(os.path.join(corpus, "movie_lines.txt"), MOVIE_LINES_FIELDS)
print("\nLoading conversations...")
conversations = loadConversations(os.path.join(corpus, "movie_conversations.txt"),
                                  lines, MOVIE_CONVERSATIONS_FIELDS)

# Write new csv file
print("\nWriting newly formatted file...")
with open(datafile, 'w', encoding='utf-8') as outputfile:
    writer = csv.writer(outputfile, delimiter=delimiter, lineterminator='\n')
    for pair in extractSentencePairs(conversations):

# Print a sample of lines
print("\nSample lines from file:")

# Default word tokens
PAD_token = 0  # Used for padding short sentences
SOS_token = 1  # Start-of-sentence token
EOS_token = 2  # End-of-sentence token

class Voc:
    def __init__(self, name): = name
        self.trimmed = False
        self.word2index = {}
        self.word2count = {}
        self.index2word = {PAD_token: "PAD", SOS_token: "SOS", EOS_token: "EOS"}
        self.num_words = 3  # Count SOS, EOS, PAD

    def addSentence(self, sentence):
        for word in sentence.split(' '):

    def addWord(self, word):
        if word not in self.word2index:
            self.word2index[word] = self.num_words
            self.word2count[word] = 1
            self.index2word[self.num_words] = word
            self.num_words += 1
            self.word2count[word] += 1

    # Remove words below a certain count threshold
    def trim(self, min_count):
        if self.trimmed:
        self.trimmed = True

        keep_words = []

        for k, v in self.word2count.items():
            if v >= min_count:

        print('keep_words {} / {} = {:.4f}'.format(
            len(keep_words), len(self.word2index), len(keep_words) / len(self.word2index)

        # Reinitialize dictionaries
        self.word2index = {}
        self.word2count = {}
        self.index2word = {PAD_token: "PAD", SOS_token: "SOS", EOS_token: "EOS"}
        self.num_words = 3 # Count default tokens

        for word in keep_words:

MAX_LENGTH = 10  # Maximum sentence length to consider

# Turn a Unicode string to plain ASCII, thanks to
def unicodeToAscii(s):
    return ''.join(
        c for c in unicodedata.normalize('NFD', s)
        if unicodedata.category(c) != 'Mn'

# Lowercase, trim, and remove non-letter characters
def normalizeString(s):
    s = unicodeToAscii(s.lower().strip())
    s = re.sub(r"([.!?])", r" \1", s)
    s = re.sub(r"[^a-zA-Z.!?]+", r" ", s)
    s = re.sub(r"\s+", r" ", s).strip()
    return s

# Read query/response pairs and return a voc object
def readVocs(datafile, corpus_name):
    print("Reading lines...")
    # Read the file and split into lines
    lines = open(datafile, encoding='utf-8').\
    # Split every line into pairs and normalize
    pairs = [[normalizeString(s) for s in l.split('\t')] for l in lines]
    voc = Voc(corpus_name)
    return voc, pairs

# Returns True iff both sentences in a pair 'p' are under the MAX_LENGTH threshold
def filterPair(p):
    # Input sequences need to preserve the last word for EOS token
    return len(p[0].split(' ')) < MAX_LENGTH and len(p[1].split(' ')) < MAX_LENGTH

# Filter pairs using filterPair condition
def filterPairs(pairs):
    return [pair for pair in pairs if filterPair(pair)]

# Using the functions defined above, return a populated voc object and pairs list
def loadPrepareData(corpus, corpus_name, datafile, save_dir):
    print("Start preparing training data ...")
    voc, pairs = readVocs(datafile, corpus_name)
    print("Read {!s} sentence pairs".format(len(pairs)))
    pairs = filterPairs(pairs)
    print("Trimmed to {!s} sentence pairs".format(len(pairs)))
    print("Counting words...")
    for pair in pairs:
    print("Counted words:", voc.num_words)
    return voc, pairs

# Load/Assemble voc and pairs
save_dir = os.path.join("data", "save")
voc, pairs = loadPrepareData(corpus, corpus_name, datafile, save_dir)
# Print some pairs to validate
for pair in pairs[:10]:

MIN_COUNT = 3    # Minimum word count threshold for trimming

def trimRareWords(voc, pairs, MIN_COUNT):
    # Trim words used under the MIN_COUNT from the voc
    # Filter out pairs with trimmed words
    keep_pairs = []
    for pair in pairs:
        input_sentence = pair[0]
        output_sentence = pair[1]
        keep_input = True
        keep_output = True
        # Check input sentence
        for word in input_sentence.split(' '):
            if word not in voc.word2index:
                keep_input = False
        # Check output sentence
        for word in output_sentence.split(' '):
            if word not in voc.word2index:
                keep_output = False

        # Only keep pairs that do not contain trimmed word(s) in their input or output sentence
        if keep_input and keep_output:

    print("Trimmed from {} pairs to {}, {:.4f} of total".format(len(pairs), len(keep_pairs), len(keep_pairs) / len(pairs)))
    return keep_pairs

# Trim voc and pairs
pairs = trimRareWords(voc, pairs, MIN_COUNT)

def indexesFromSentence(voc, sentence):
    return [voc.word2index[word] for word in sentence.split(' ')] + [EOS_token]

def zeroPadding(l, fillvalue=PAD_token):
    return list(itertools.zip_longest(*l, fillvalue=fillvalue))

def binaryMatrix(l, value=PAD_token):
    m = []
    for i, seq in enumerate(l):
        for token in seq:
            if token == PAD_token:
    return m

# Returns padded input sequence tensor and lengths
def inputVar(l, voc):
    indexes_batch = [indexesFromSentence(voc, sentence) for sentence in l]
    lengths = torch.tensor([len(indexes) for indexes in indexes_batch])
    padList = zeroPadding(indexes_batch)
    padVar = torch.LongTensor(padList)
    return padVar, lengths

# Returns padded target sequence tensor, padding mask, and max target length
def outputVar(l, voc):
    indexes_batch = [indexesFromSentence(voc, sentence) for sentence in l]
    max_target_len = max([len(indexes) for indexes in indexes_batch])
    padList = zeroPadding(indexes_batch)
    mask = binaryMatrix(padList)
    mask = torch.ByteTensor(mask)
    padVar = torch.LongTensor(padList)
    return padVar, mask, max_target_len

# Returns all items for a given batch of pairs
def batch2TrainData(voc, pair_batch):
    pair_batch.sort(key=lambda x: len(x[0].split(" ")), reverse=True)
    input_batch, output_batch = [], []
    for pair in pair_batch:
    inp, lengths = inputVar(input_batch, voc)
    output, mask, max_target_len = outputVar(output_batch, voc)
    return inp, lengths, output, mask, max_target_len

# Example for validation
small_batch_size = 5
batches = batch2TrainData(voc, [random.choice(pairs) for _ in range(small_batch_size)])
input_variable, lengths, target_variable, mask, max_target_len = batches

print("input_variable:", input_variable)
print("lengths:", lengths)
print("target_variable:", target_variable)
print("mask:", mask)
print("max_target_len:", max_target_len)

class EncoderRNN(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, hidden_size, embedding, n_layers=1, dropout=0):
        super(EncoderRNN, self).__init__()
        self.n_layers = n_layers
        self.hidden_size = hidden_size
        self.embedding = embedding

        # Initialize GRU; the input_size and hidden_size params are both set to 'hidden_size'
        #   because our input size is a word embedding with number of features == hidden_size
        self.gru = nn.GRU(hidden_size, hidden_size, n_layers,
                          dropout=(0 if n_layers == 1 else dropout), bidirectional=True)

    def forward(self, input_seq, input_lengths, hidden=None):
        # Convert word indexes to embeddings
        embedded = self.embedding(input_seq)
        # Pack padded batch of sequences for RNN module
        packed = torch.nn.utils.rnn.pack_padded_sequence(embedded, input_lengths)
        # Forward pass through GRU
        outputs, hidden = self.gru(packed, hidden)
        # Unpack padding
        outputs, _ = torch.nn.utils.rnn.pad_packed_sequence(outputs)
        # Sum bidirectional GRU outputs
        outputs = outputs[:, :, :self.hidden_size] + outputs[:, : ,self.hidden_size:]
        # Return output and final hidden state
        return outputs, hidden

# Luong attention layer
class Attn(torch.nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, method, hidden_size):
        super(Attn, self).__init__()
        self.method = method
        if self.method not in ['dot', 'general', 'concat']:
            raise ValueError(self.method, "is not an appropriate attention method.")
        self.hidden_size = hidden_size
        if self.method == 'general':
            self.attn = torch.nn.Linear(self.hidden_size, hidden_size)
        elif self.method == 'concat':
            self.attn = torch.nn.Linear(self.hidden_size * 2, hidden_size)
            self.v = torch.nn.Parameter(torch.FloatTensor(hidden_size))

    def dot_score(self, hidden, encoder_output):
        return torch.sum(hidden * encoder_output, dim=2)

    def general_score(self, hidden, encoder_output):
        energy = self.attn(encoder_output)
        return torch.sum(hidden * energy, dim=2)

    def concat_score(self, hidden, encoder_output):
        energy = self.attn(, -1, -1), encoder_output), 2)).tanh()
        return torch.sum(self.v * energy, dim=2)

    def forward(self, hidden, encoder_outputs):
        # Calculate the attention weights (energies) based on the given method
        if self.method == 'general':
            attn_energies = self.general_score(hidden, encoder_outputs)
        elif self.method == 'concat':
            attn_energies = self.concat_score(hidden, encoder_outputs)
        elif self.method == 'dot':
            attn_energies = self.dot_score(hidden, encoder_outputs)

        # Transpose max_length and batch_size dimensions
        attn_energies = attn_energies.t()

        # Return the softmax normalized probability scores (with added dimension)
        return F.softmax(attn_energies, dim=1).unsqueeze(1)

class LuongAttnDecoderRNN(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, attn_model, embedding, hidden_size, output_size, n_layers=1, dropout=0.1):
        super(LuongAttnDecoderRNN, self).__init__()

        # Keep for reference
        self.attn_model = attn_model
        self.hidden_size = hidden_size
        self.output_size = output_size
        self.n_layers = n_layers
        self.dropout = dropout

        # Define layers
        self.embedding = embedding
        self.embedding_dropout = nn.Dropout(dropout)
        self.gru = nn.GRU(hidden_size, hidden_size, n_layers, dropout=(0 if n_layers == 1 else dropout))
        self.concat = nn.Linear(hidden_size * 2, hidden_size)
        self.out = nn.Linear(hidden_size, output_size)

        self.attn = Attn(attn_model, hidden_size)

    def forward(self, input_step, last_hidden, encoder_outputs):
        # Note: we run this one step (word) at a time
        # Get embedding of current input word
        embedded = self.embedding(input_step)
        embedded = self.embedding_dropout(embedded)
        # Forward through unidirectional GRU
        rnn_output, hidden = self.gru(embedded, last_hidden)
        # Calculate attention weights from the current GRU output
        attn_weights = self.attn(rnn_output, encoder_outputs)
        # Multiply attention weights to encoder outputs to get new "weighted sum" context vector
        context = attn_weights.bmm(encoder_outputs.transpose(0, 1))
        # Concatenate weighted context vector and GRU output using Luong eq. 5
        rnn_output = rnn_output.squeeze(0)
        context = context.squeeze(1)
        concat_input =, context), 1)
        concat_output = torch.tanh(self.concat(concat_input))
        # Predict next word using Luong eq. 6
        output = self.out(concat_output)
        output = F.softmax(output, dim=1)
        # Return output and final hidden state
        return output, hidden

def maskNLLLoss(inp, target, mask):
    nTotal = mask.sum()
    crossEntropy = -torch.log(torch.gather(inp, 1, target.view(-1, 1)).squeeze(1))
    mask = mask.type(torch.BoolTensor)  # Convert mask to BoolTensor
    loss = crossEntropy.masked_select(mask).mean()
    loss =
    return loss, nTotal.item()

def train(input_variable, lengths, target_variable, mask, max_target_len, encoder, decoder, embedding,
          encoder_optimizer, decoder_optimizer, batch_size, clip, max_length=MAX_LENGTH):

    # Zero gradients

    # Set device options
    input_variable =
    lengths =
    target_variable =
    mask =

    # Initialize variables
    loss = 0
    print_losses = []
    n_totals = 0

    # Forward pass through encoder
    encoder_outputs, encoder_hidden = encoder(input_variable, lengths)

    # Create initial decoder input (start with SOS tokens for each sentence)
    decoder_input = torch.LongTensor([[SOS_token for _ in range(batch_size)]])
    decoder_input =

    # Set initial decoder hidden state to the encoder's final hidden state
    decoder_hidden = encoder_hidden[:decoder.n_layers]

    # Determine if we are using teacher forcing this iteration
    use_teacher_forcing = True if random.random() < teacher_forcing_ratio else False

    # Forward batch of sequences through decoder one time step at a time
    if use_teacher_forcing:
        for t in range(max_target_len):
            decoder_output, decoder_hidden = decoder(
                decoder_input, decoder_hidden, encoder_outputs
            # Teacher forcing: next input is current target
            decoder_input = target_variable[t].view(1, -1)
            # Calculate and accumulate loss
            mask_loss, nTotal = maskNLLLoss(decoder_output, target_variable[t], mask[t])
            loss += mask_loss
            print_losses.append(mask_loss.item() * nTotal)
            n_totals += nTotal
        for t in range(max_target_len):
            decoder_output, decoder_hidden = decoder(
                decoder_input, decoder_hidden, encoder_outputs
            # No teacher forcing: next input is decoder's own current output
            _, topi = decoder_output.topk(1)
            decoder_input = torch.LongTensor([[topi[i][0] for i in range(batch_size)]])
            decoder_input =
            # Calculate and accumulate loss
            mask_loss, nTotal = maskNLLLoss(decoder_output, target_variable[t], mask[t])
            loss += mask_loss
            print_losses.append(mask_loss.item() * nTotal)
            n_totals += nTotal

    # Perform backpropatation

    # Clip gradients: gradients are modified in place
    _ = torch.nn.utils.clip_grad_norm_(encoder.parameters(), clip)
    _ = torch.nn.utils.clip_grad_norm_(decoder.parameters(), clip)

    # Adjust model weights

    return sum(print_losses) / n_totals

def trainIters(model_name, voc, pairs, encoder, decoder, encoder_optimizer, decoder_optimizer, embedding, encoder_n_layers, decoder_n_layers, save_dir, n_iteration, batch_size, print_every, save_every, clip, corpus_name, loadFilename):

    # Load batches for each iteration
    training_batches = [batch2TrainData(voc, [random.choice(pairs) for _ in range(batch_size)])
                      for _ in range(n_iteration)]

    # Initializations
    print('Initializing ...')
    start_iteration = 1
    print_loss = 0
    if loadFilename:
        start_iteration = checkpoint['iteration'] + 1

    # Training loop
    for iteration in range(start_iteration, n_iteration + 1):
        training_batch = training_batches[iteration - 1]
        # Extract fields from batch
        input_variable, lengths, target_variable, mask, max_target_len = training_batch

        # Run a training iteration with batch
        loss = train(input_variable, lengths, target_variable, mask, max_target_len, encoder,
                     decoder, embedding, encoder_optimizer, decoder_optimizer, batch_size, clip)
        print_loss += loss

        # Print progress
        if iteration % print_every == 0:
            print_loss_avg = print_loss / print_every
            print("Iteration: {}; Percent complete: {:.1f}%; Average loss: {:.4f}".format(iteration, iteration / n_iteration * 100, print_loss_avg))
            print_loss = 0

        # Save checkpoint
        if (iteration % save_every == 0):
            directory = os.path.join(save_dir, model_name, corpus_name, '{}-{}_{}'.format(encoder_n_layers, decoder_n_layers, hidden_size))
            if not os.path.exists(directory):
                'iteration': iteration,
                'en': encoder.state_dict(),
                'de': decoder.state_dict(),
                'en_opt': encoder_optimizer.state_dict(),
                'de_opt': decoder_optimizer.state_dict(),
                'loss': loss,
                'voc_dict': voc.__dict__,
                'embedding': embedding.state_dict()
            }, os.path.join(directory, '{}_{}.tar'.format(iteration, 'checkpoint')))

class GreedySearchDecoder(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, encoder, decoder):
        super(GreedySearchDecoder, self).__init__()
        self.encoder = encoder
        self.decoder = decoder

    def forward(self, input_seq, input_length, max_length):
        # Forward input through encoder model
        encoder_outputs, encoder_hidden = self.encoder(input_seq, input_length)
        # Prepare encoder's final hidden layer to be first hidden input to the decoder
        decoder_hidden = encoder_hidden[:decoder.n_layers]
        # Initialize decoder input with SOS_token
        decoder_input = torch.ones(1, 1, device=device, dtype=torch.long) * SOS_token
        # Initialize tensors to append decoded words to
        all_tokens = torch.zeros([0], device=device, dtype=torch.long)
        all_scores = torch.zeros([0], device=device)
        # Iteratively decode one word token at a time
        for _ in range(max_length):
            # Forward pass through decoder
            decoder_output, decoder_hidden = self.decoder(decoder_input, decoder_hidden, encoder_outputs)
            # Obtain most likely word token and its softmax score
            decoder_scores, decoder_input = torch.max(decoder_output, dim=1)
            # Record token and score
            all_tokens =, decoder_input), dim=0)
            all_scores =, decoder_scores), dim=0)
            # Prepare current token to be next decoder input (add a dimension)
            decoder_input = torch.unsqueeze(decoder_input, 0)
        # Return collections of word tokens and scores
        return all_tokens, all_scores

def evaluate(encoder, decoder, searcher, voc, sentence, max_length=MAX_LENGTH):
    ### Format input sentence as a batch
    # words -> indexes
    indexes_batch = [indexesFromSentence(voc, sentence)]
    # Create lengths tensor
    lengths = torch.tensor([len(indexes) for indexes in indexes_batch])
    # Transpose dimensions of batch to match models' expectations
    input_batch = torch.LongTensor(indexes_batch).transpose(0, 1)
    # Use appropriate device
    input_batch =
    lengths =
    # Decode sentence with searcher
    tokens, scores = searcher(input_batch, lengths, max_length)
    # indexes -> words
    decoded_words = [voc.index2word[token.item()] for token in tokens]
    return decoded_words

def evaluateInput(encoder, decoder, searcher, voc):
    input_sentence = ''
            # Get input sentence
            input_sentence = input('> ')
            # Check if it is quit case
            if input_sentence == 'q' or input_sentence == 'quit': break
            # Normalize sentence
            input_sentence = normalizeString(input_sentence)
            # Evaluate sentence
            output_words = evaluate(encoder, decoder, searcher, voc, input_sentence)
            # Format and print response sentence
            output_words[:] = [x for x in output_words if not (x == 'EOS' or x == 'PAD')]
            print('Bot:', ' '.join(output_words))

        except KeyError:
            print("Error: Encountered unknown word.")

# Configure models
model_name = 'cb_model'
attn_model = 'dot'
#attn_model = 'general'
#attn_model = 'concat'
hidden_size = 500
encoder_n_layers = 2
decoder_n_layers = 2
dropout = 0.1
batch_size = 64

# Set checkpoint to load from; set to None if starting from scratch
loadFilename = None
checkpoint_iter = 4000

# Load model if a loadFilename is provided
if loadFilename:
    # If loading on same machine the model was trained on
    checkpoint = torch.load(loadFilename)
    # If loading a model trained on GPU to CPU
    #checkpoint = torch.load(loadFilename, map_location=torch.device('cpu'))
    encoder_sd = checkpoint['en']
    decoder_sd = checkpoint['de']
    encoder_optimizer_sd = checkpoint['en_opt']
    decoder_optimizer_sd = checkpoint['de_opt']
    embedding_sd = checkpoint['embedding']
    voc.__dict__ = checkpoint['voc_dict']

print('Building encoder and decoder ...')
# Initialize word embeddings
embedding = nn.Embedding(voc.num_words, hidden_size)
if loadFilename:
# Initialize encoder & decoder models
encoder = EncoderRNN(hidden_size, embedding, encoder_n_layers, dropout)
decoder = LuongAttnDecoderRNN(attn_model, embedding, hidden_size, voc.num_words, decoder_n_layers, dropout)
if loadFilename:
# Use appropriate device
encoder =
decoder =
print('Models built and ready to go!')

# Configure training/optimization
clip = 50.0
teacher_forcing_ratio = 1.0
learning_rate = 0.0001
decoder_learning_ratio = 5.0
n_iteration = 4000
print_every = 1
save_every = 500

# Ensure dropout layers are in train mode

# Initialize optimizers
print('Building optimizers ...')
encoder_optimizer = optim.Adam(encoder.parameters(), lr=learning_rate)
decoder_optimizer = optim.Adam(decoder.parameters(), lr=learning_rate * decoder_learning_ratio)
if loadFilename:

# Run training iterations
print("Starting Training!")
trainIters(model_name, voc, pairs, encoder, decoder, encoder_optimizer, decoder_optimizer,
           embedding, encoder_n_layers, decoder_n_layers, save_dir, n_iteration, batch_size,
           print_every, save_every, clip, corpus_name, loadFilename)

# Set dropout layers to eval mode

# Initialize search module
searcher = GreedySearchDecoder(encoder, decoder)

# Begin chatting (run the following line to begin)
evaluateInput(encoder, decoder, searcher, voc)

Did you find this article valuable?

Support Azad Rasul by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!